Report|Sustainable Architecture of Nassief House|Balad: 2019 June 27
As one of Jeddah season’s activities in 2019. Cultural nights were held at Albalad – historical Jeddah ─ taking various creative disciplines into account such as art, architecture, theatre and music. The interesting coincidence is the talk was about sustainable architecture of Nassief house and it was hosted inside Nassief House by Dr. Noura Ghabra.
The talk discussed the main pillars of sustainable design,
it defined it in a specific scientific manner and compared all sustainability
parameters to Nasif’s house at its time! The sustainability terminology is considered
as a new term according to Dr.Noura. It started in 1980s and the term reached
the highest search word in 2008. Though, Nasif house was meeting most of these
parameter based on its research and experiments. One of them was testifying the
comfort zone and micro climate at the house in the worst case scenario ─
August, July ─ during a year, and the diagrams shows a very acceptable results
compared to sustainability standards.
The question that matters after showing this result was how did this
house reached this level of delight and comfort hundred years ago, nevertheless
Jeddah’s stubborn harsh climate?!
The answer was by applying many techniques such as passive cooling
which was taught by try and error, inherited generation by generation.
Mashrabia / Roshan was one of the main effective factors of passive cooling as
well as the organic orientation of urban layout towards the prevailing north
winds. The building materials ─ coral stone ─ played a major rule as well, by
absorbing humidity and release it, to control the micro climate of the house. Additional
to that, the life style of inhabitant was changing during different seasons,
following the comfort zone by relying on temperature and wind breeze in
different levels of the house.
The lecture was arranged by ZAWYA 97 at Nasif’s house in the center of historic Jeddah. A new creative platform consider itself as a departure of arts, crafts, and design.